Archive | September, 2011

Teens and Prescription Drugs Abuse

30 Sep

Protecting teenagers from addiction is very challenging as drugs – both illicit and prescribed – have become easier to obtain. The abuse of prescription drugs, in particular, has risen to an alarming frequency. Already, it has resulted into many stressed family and going to counseling programs on how to prevent and treat abuse of prescription medicines. In many cases, teens even had to get admitted to drug rehab treatment centers.

To get a better picture of the situation, we need to look at how abuse of prescription medications has changed in the U.S. the prevailing trend appears to be a decline in use of illegal drugs that are sold on the streets plus a shift towards using prescriptions to receive high. While marijuana still remains to be the drug usually chosen among the younger generation 12 to 17 years of age, prescription medications are second in line to be abused probably the most. Approximately 6 percent more teens use marijuana than they generally do prescribed drugs, a well known fact which demonstrates that prescription drug abuse is continuously increasing.

The reason for this is perhaps the belief that the high from prescription medicines are safer to that achieved through illicit drugs and the accessibility or availability of prescription drugs. According to one study, approximately half of all Americans are taking prescription drugs, which teens living in the same house can easily take. The study also reports that the most abused prescribed drugs by teens are painkillers (Vicodin, or a mix of hydrocodone and paracetamol) and oxycodone (OxyContin).

Data also shows that teens on the South East and West are generally more prone to abuse prescription medications. Statistics also reveal that death by drug poisoning could be caused by prescription medicine abuse and also the illicit make use of street drugs. Get Info and Treatment: So, exactly what are the factors behind drug abuse concerning prescriptions? Information shows that most youngsters in their teen period casually use prescription medications for getting high, lessen stress or anxiety, increase energy or wakefulness and enable them to concentrate.

Many teens who take prescription drugs believe that it isn’t addictive and that it’s the “safe” choice over drugs sold on the streets (crack, heroin, etc.). They also claim that their habit was started taking drugs to make themselves look cool among their peers or in order to fit in. For these reasons, schools need to increase awareness of the true effects and dangers of the abuse of prescribed medicines. However, the responsibility of informing teenagers about the real dangers of these medicines still lies on the parents.

New Drug Use Among the Youth

30 Sep

We all want to protect our kids and make headway in the battle against teen substance abuse and the spread of illegal drugs. Reports on illicit drug use among teenagers reveal that more than 30 percent of 8th graders have tried or are using drugs. That figure increases to almost 45 percent among 10th grade students, and up to 53 percent among 12th graders. At least 24 million Americans, many of them under age 20, have a substance abuse dependency.

But such drug dangers represent only a fraction of the problem. Most parents are not aware about the kinds of drugs today’s kids are using to get high. Scary as it may sound, it’s those insidious chemical concoctions – available in our own kitchens, bathrooms, closets, laundry areas, garages and even at our computer workstations – that could destroy the life of our children.

 

The New Dangers of Cheese Heroin

“Cheese” is the slang term for the highly-addictive mixture of prescribed and illicit drugs. It is made from black tar heroin – processed from morphine, extracted from the seedpod of the poppy plant – combined with crushed Tylenol PM. Its cheap cost is one reason why cheese-heroin has a great appeal among teens. Users can buy it for as little as $2 for a single dose. An entire gram (the size of a sugar packet) costs as little as $10. Both students and adults have been known to sell the drug.

Signs and symptoms of cheese usage include drowsiness, confusion and disorientation, depression, sleepiness, excessive thirst, feelings of temporary euphoria, mood swings, poor grades, memory loss and changes in friends, appearance or interests. Withdrawal symptoms range from chills, sweating and nausea/vomiting to insomnia and severe headaches. The drug enters the brain very quickly and has an effect on the entire body, particularly the central nervous system and respiratory system, and overdose can lead to death.

 

Additional Facts about Teen Drug Use

Many kids are looking for a buzz, but instead risking brain damage or death, by inhaling household chemicals like furniture polish, cleansers and disinfectants. Other commonly used inhalants from around the house are glue, spray deodorant, spray paint, paint thinner, propane, even whipped cream in a can.

Drugs are especially bad for teenagers because their bodies are still growing and they are still in puberty. Drug use negatively affects the development of young bodies and can severely damage vital organs like the brain, heart, liver and lungs. Cocaine, for example, can cause a heart attack even in an otherwise healthy young child or teenager.

Break Free from Drug Addiction

29 Sep

Death is nearly always accompanied with questions. Whether we are facing our own death or the death of someone we love, we seek for answers. But people seek answers differently. Some people ask for guidance, attend counseling sessions, go to bible studies, or seek support groups that would help them cope with a loss of someone.

All change that exists within the mind causes stress and most people at some stage try to avoid the pain of grief. They may search for a substitute for the relation that is lost, like if a woman lost a husband, they may marry again quickly, or adopt another child in place of the one they lost. But other people who can not cope with grief and who wants to avoid the pain turns into addiction.

Defining an addiction is tricky, and knowing how to handle one is even harder. An addiction is said to be an uncontrollable compulsion which provides temporary relief from “inner pain.” Addiction means a person has no control over whether he or she uses. Addiction can be physical, psychological, or both.

According to research, approximately 27 million Americans either use illicit drugs regularly. There are also around 70 percent of illegal drug users that are employed and contribute significantly to workplace absenteeism, accidents and injuries, decreased productivity, increased insurance expenses, employee turnover costs, and on-the-job violence. In 2001, the estimated total number of drug addicts had already reached 15.9 million Americans aged 12 or above. This estimate represents 7.1 percent of the population aged 12 years old or older. Almost 16 million are estimated to need immediate treatment for drug addiction.

Drug addiction involves compulsively seeking to use a substance, regardless of the potentially negative social, psychological, and physical effects. Certain drugs are more likely to cause physical dependence than are others. While not everyone who uses drugs becomes addicted, many people do.

Experts have theorized that some people, particular those addicted to drugs, may have deficiencies in their brain reward systems. Other drug users gravitate toward their “drug of choice” to “self-medicate.” Heroin, for instance, is remarkably effective at “normalizing” people who suffer from delusions and hallucinations (mostly schizophrenics). Cocaine can quickly “lift” depression, or enable a person with attention-deficit disorder to become better organized and focused. For these people, addiction is a troubling side effect to their adaptive attempts to relieve their own suffering.

Drug addiction treatment typically involves steps to help one withdraw from using a substance, it should also be followed by counseling and attending self-help groups to help one resist addiction again. There are many substance-dependent people who make it into therapy show a profound inability to calm and soothe themselves especially when they are experiencing stress.

A physician may prescribe narcotics to relieve pain, benzodiazepines to relieve anxiety or insomnia, or barbiturates to relieve nervousness or irritation. Doctors prescribe these medications at safe doses and monitor their use so that a person addicted will not be given too great a dose or for too long a time. Still, the best way to prevent an addiction to an illegal drug is not to take the drug at all.

Breaking a drug addiction is difficult, but not impossible. Support from the doctor, family, friends and others who have a drug addiction, as well as inpatient or outpatient drug addiction treatment, may help someone beat drug dependence. Recognizing the problem as soon as possible is critical. One should get help right away and should not be ever afraid to ask for guidance so that an addicted person boost their chances of staying drug-free.

Prescription Drug Facts

29 Sep

Prescription drugs are generally prescribed to treat moderate to severe pain, and, if properly taken, prescription drugs are effective in treating their targeted ailment. However, some prescription drugs are highly addictive.

 

Most Abused

Opioids such as OxyContin, Percocet and Kadian (morphine) are among the most abused prescription drugs. Central nervous system (CNS) depressants such as barbiturates (Nembutal) and benzodiazepines (Xanax and Valium) are also highly abused. Stimulants such as dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine) and methylphenidate (Ritalin), which are used to treat narcolepsy (sleep disorder), attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and obesity, are commonly abused as well.

 

Street Names

Prescription drugs can often be obtained on the streets. Consequently, many prescription drugs have street names: OxyContin–Hillbilly heroin, Oxycotton and Oxycet; Percocet–Percs; Vicodin–Vikes and happy pills; Ritalin–kiddie cocaine, West Coast and Vitamin R; Xanax–totem poles; Benzodiazepines–downers, candy and sleeping pills; Amphetamines–Bennies, Black Beauty, Hearts and Speed; and Barbiturates–Blue Birds, Barbs and Phennies.

 

Risks

The inappropriate use of prescription drugs (using without prescription, medical permission, or not as prescribed) can cause addiction. The excessive use of opioids, pain relievers and narcotics can cause the user’s breathing to slow or stop. Abusing depressants, tranquilizers and sedatives in general can result in respiratory depression (inadequate ventilation), reduced heart rate and seizures. A dependency on stimulants can cause deviant heart rate, elevated body temperature, seizure and cardiovascular shutdown.

 

Illegal Trafficking

A 2007 study by Columbia University, sponsored by the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA), revealed that 210 hours were spent recording the number of Internet websites that were distributing specific prescription drugs. Through search engines and email campaigns, 187 Internet websites were found guilty of selling prescription drugs over the Internet; 84 percent of these sites did not require prescriptions to purchase the drug. A mere 30 sites required a prescription. However, 17 of them stated that a faxed prescription was sufficient, 4 stated that the prescription had to be mailed and 9 said that they would contact the physician before distributing the drug.

 

Prescription Drug Views

According to the Kaiser Public Opinion Spotlight, most prescription drug users in America agree that prescription drugs have had a positive effect on their lives. 54 percent of adults report using four or more prescription medications daily. There is mixed perception on the pharmaceutical industry, however. Seven out of ten adults report that the pharmaceutical industry is too focused on making money instead of helping individuals. 79 percent believe that high profits are to be blamed for the high costs of prescription drugs, which many feel are unreasonable.

The Dangers of Opium Addiction

27 Sep

Opium-based drugs or opiates can be very helpful in the field of medicine, particularly as palliatives (painkillers that do not affect the underlying cause, leading to a proper diagnoses). Unfortunately, opiates have become more commonly used recreationally, causing addiction in people of different ages, races, and classes. This has resulted to widespread production of opiates that are sold and used illicitly.

Essentially, an opiate is a compound that is obtained from the opium plant (or poppy plant). Though it may initially relieve pain, frequent consumption of opiates can lead to a variety of serious health complication. Individuals who become addicted to opium-based compounds often suffer damage their central nervous system, causing stupor, coma, and in some cases, even death.

The main variants of opiates include codeine, papaverine, thebaine, morphine, and heroin.

Codeine. Codeine can be used for medical purposes. In hospital settings, it is used as medication for cough, pain, bowel syndrome, and diarrhea. However, it is also used illicitly because it can also bring about a feeling of euphoria. An overdose of codeine can generate a wide range of complications, including drowsiness, constipation, hypotension, urinary retention, and respiratory complications.

Papaverine and Thebaine. The structure of thebaine is rather similar to the structural form of codeine and morphine. Thebaine is also called paramorphine. This type of substance is not used alone. Some of the drugs that are administered with thebaine include naltrexone, nalbuphine, buprenorphine, and oxycodone. An overdose of thebaine is totally comparable to the side-effects of codeine and morphine.

Morphine. Morphine, a variant of alkaline-derived compound, is the most common and the most available opium-based substance nowadays. Morphine is very significant in the field of medicine due to the fact that it is used for the treatment of disorders such as the accumulation of fluids in the lungs. Complications caused by an overdose of morphine include coma, pulmonary edema, congestive cardiac failure, pulmonary failure, respiratory depression, and death.

Heroin. Heroin is considered to be a semi-synthetic opium. Due to the fact that the demand for this opium-based compound is very grand, heroin business is considered to be one of the fastest growing illegal industries. Heroin use is a common cause of transmission of HIV/AIDS and other diseases. Overdosing or continued abuse of heroin results in respiratory depression, chronic constipation, kidney failure, and also death.

The treatment procedures for opium-based addiction may be conducted in a residential or a non-residential basis. The entire treatment method in both situations is divided into two parts: the detox and the counseling. Detoxification involves the elimination of harmful substances from the drug dependent person’s body. In counseling, the person who has drug addiction problems is convinced to pursue an improved life.

Residential Drug Rehab Centers

26 Sep

Going to a residential drug rehab center is often the best way to treat a drug addiction. It has the advantage of being able to provide a drug addict with the type of treatment that is most appropriate for him or her. Depending on an addict’s needs, he or she may be placed in a short-term or long-term program, be treated with other patients with similar backgrounds, or given a treatment with a particular focus (such as a luxury treatment or a Christian treatment). The ability of residential drug rehab centers to accommodate different clients is the prime reason for its success.

In most cases, residential drug addiction rehab centers require payment, which is necessary to keep the facilities in good condition and as salary to the staff. However, there are also government-sponsored residential drug rehab centers, which are free to enter, but may have a limited capacity. Individuals who are deeply addicted to drugs is strongly advised to admit themselves to a residential treatment center if one is available as it offers better treatment.

Most residential treatment centers provide comprehensive treatment that takes into account each client’s particular situation, needs and requirements. Some phases of its treatment are mental health care, personal counseling, and group therapy sessions. These facilities also review each client’s medical, professional and personal history in order to understand and provide better recommendations. In addition, the family of a patient is also educated about the situation in order to help them assist their recovering member once he or she leaves the treatment center.

Detox centers, where drug addicts can safely clear drug substances from their body, is often associated with a residential treatment centers so that treatment is immediate and more convenient. All residential treatment centers are run and supervised by trained counseling professionals and personnel. Treatment in a residential rehab center can be as short as three months, but may extend to over a year, depending on a patient’s treatment progress and capacity to return to a normal, clean life outside of the facilities.

Choosing the right residential drug rehab center can be essential in the treatment process. If a drug addict (or his or her family) is capable of choosing from a variety of residential treatment centers, he/she (/they) should choose the one that could provide the most client-centered treatment. It is also a good idea to consult with a treatment consultancy agency, which has a wide index of treatment centers and which can best provide recommendations based on the drug addict’s profile and current condition.

Drug Addiction Options for Health Professionals

23 Sep

Drug addiction has become a major health problem in different parts of the world. You know that drug addiction is a chronic, relapsing disease. It is characterized by habitual. It ruins not only individual but also the whole family. This affects your mental and physical stamina. Drug abusers regularly spend more and more time and energy getting and using the drug. It becomes very bad once if they are addicted, then it became primary purpose in their life and looking for drugs. In these critical circumstances, Rehab Centers Illinois helps you and shows the right path for better life.

The medicine problem and its consequences have been alarming in different parts of the world. The problem has now reached the higher levels of society for instance celebrities and sport personalities, along with, children, students, teenagers. This is surveyed by various non-government organizations that daily wage earners/laborers, rag pickers, truck drivers, medical workers and youths are all equally prone to the threat of addiction. Drug Rehab Illinois plays a vital role in helping people recover from drug addiction and bringing lives back to normal again.

The health professionals are very important in drug rehabilitation centers by helping the patients to recover from alcohol and drug addiction who otherwise though they were incurable. It is not easy for an individual to recover from addiction without medicines or treatment. At Drug Rehab Illinois can offer better future. It deals with both physical as well as psychological aspects of alcohol or drug dependence. The health professional recommends some medicines to help the patient tackle taking out symptoms. This is important steps in term of physical dependence on drugs. Doctors think it is a vital and challenging job since this is the first step in breaking patients’ alcohol or drug addiction. This is true that addicted people builds up chemical dependence on alcohol or drugs.

Every drug addict is different. There are no fixed treatment methods for all of them. Group therapy and individual counseling are very important part of treatment. In group therapy patients participate in group sessions in which other addicts are also there. Since many of them have under gone various recovery stages, Rehab Center IL can help those patients who have just started the process.

Group rehabilitation therapy centers have the best treatment programs for people who just need a little extra support from peers. It helps family deal with the drug addiction along with the patient. Group therapy rehabilitation programs are perfect in combination with other treatment addiction treatment. Before going to drug center makes sure the rehab programs are right for the condition. You choose the right rehab program helps keep temptation away and solidifies recovery. Drug addiction recovery is a long, hard road that only the patient can travel, but there is help with deters therapy, and a little family love. Rehab Center IL fully devotes itself with a special aim of bringing them back into the mainstream, remains to be one of the biggest challenges any community faces today.